Language and Communication
To increase participants’ knowledge of language development and communication skills as outlined in the following Exceptional Student Educator Competencies revised in 2009:
- Identify the sequence of expressive and receptive language development and the components of language structure.
- Identify communication deficits and select appropriate interventions.
- Select strategies for integrating communication instruction into educational settings.
- Select appropriate assistive technology and alternative communication systems to facilitate communication.
- Identify the sequence of typical reading development (e.g., prereading level, learning to read, reading to learn) and the critical components of reading development (e.g., phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, comprehension).
- Identify the terminology and concepts of literacy development (e.g., oral language, phonological awareness, concepts about print, alphabet knowledge, decoding, vocabulary, text structures, written language, and motivation).
- Identify the characteristics and purposes of various reading programs (e.g., core reading program, supplemental reading program, intensive intervention program).
- Identify characteristics of reading difficulties.
- Identify and select prevention and intervention methods for addressing reading difficulties.
- Identify the early phases of word recognition within the decoding process (e.g., pre-alphabetic, partial alphabetic, full alphabetic, consolidated alphabetic).
- Identify explicit and systematic instructional methods for promoting the development of phonological and phonemic awareness.
- Identify the processes and skills (e.g., graphophonemic, morphemic, syntactic, semantic) that effective readers use for word recognition.
- Identify explicit and systematic instructional methods for developing reading fluency (e.g., practice with high-frequency words, timed readings, repeated readings, read alouds, choral reading, recorded books).
- Identify explicit and systematic instructional methods and strategies for increasing vocabulary acquisition (e.g., appropriate choice of words for instruction; multiple exposures; teaching word learning strategies, such as word analysis and contextual analysis).
- Identify explicit and systematic instructional methods and strategies for facilitating students' reading-comprehension and critical-thinking skills (e.g., use of graphic and semantic organizers; use of multiple strategy instruction; teaching summarizing, monitoring comprehension, question answering, question generating, and recognizing story structure as comprehension strategies).
- Identify explicit and systematic instructional methods for developing phonics skills.
© Copyright 2009 Department of Education